Chernozem soil monolith

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Chernozemic soils have surface horizons darkened by organic matter accumulation. A chernozemic A horizon must be at least 10 cm thick and be dark in colour. They are generally found under grassland communities or grassland-forest communities with associated shrubs and forbs. The region dominated by Chernozemic soils has mean annual soil temperatures > 0°C but usually < 6°C and experiences water deficits in most growing seasons.

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